Peth is the general name for a locality in old Pune. Peths are an important part of Pune culture and were important ingredients of ancient city planning. Some of the Peths are named after the days of a week: Raviwar (Sunday) Peth, Somwar (Monday) Peth, Mangalwar (Tuesday) Peth, Budhwar Peth
(Wednesday): is one of many commercial localities in the city of Pune. Budhwar Peth houses a sizeable population of sex workers. This area has the largest number of electronics shops in Pune. You can also call this as the largest Radio Shack of Pune.
For some period Pune was ruled by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb of Delhi. When Aurangzeb attacked Pune at that time he had inhabited Budhwar Peth in the year 1660. In his era this Peth was known as 'Mohitabad' or 'Moheyabad'. Thorale Madhavrao Peshwa made developments and renamed it as Budhwar Peth when they got the power in their hand. 'Vishram baugh Wada', 'Belbaugh' and 'Gramdevata Jogeshwari' are the historical proofs of Budhawar Peth. It is said that when Shivaji got married to Saibai, they first visited Gramdevata Jogeshwari. Today it is a business area particularly for electrical goods market, Books and traditional things. Some of the famous Places over here are Shri Jogeshwari Temple, Dagdusheth Ganapati Temple, N.M.V High School, Laxmi road, Appa Balwant Chowk. The Dagdusheth Ganapati Temple (Ganesha Temple) is believed to be the richest amongst all Ganesh Temples. The Lord Ganesha icon in the temple is worshipped for obstacle removal. It is also laden with several lakhs of rupees of gold.
The place also boasts of being the producing hub of automated taxi meters for most of the autos/rented car in India. Guruwar (Thursday) Peth, Shukrawar (Friday) Peth, and Shaniwar (Saturday) Peth.
Some peths have been named after a major temple located within their boundaries, such as Ganesh Peth, Bhawani Peth and Ganj Peth. Other peths have been named after certain notable Maratha and Peshwa rulers and generals, such as Sadashiv Peth for Sadashivrao Bhau, Nana Peth for Nanasaheb Peshwe, Narayan Peth for Narayanrao Peshwe, Ghorpade Peth for Santaji Ghorpade:Santaji Ghorpade was one of Sambhaji's associates and a famous Maratha warrior.
Santaji Ghorpade whose father Senapati Mhaloji Ghorpade died in the battle of Sangmeshwar along with Sambhaji, was directed by Sambhaji to Raigad to rescue the queen and Rajaram. The gallant man, true to the words given to his master secured the release of Rajaram from the siege of Raigad.
With the plight of Rajaram and the tragic death of Sambhaji, the rout of the Marathas was almost complete. Aurangzeb was at his zenith of power. But then the brave Santaji on his own forded the River Bhima even though it was flooded, and attacked the very centre of the Mughal camp. Aurangzeb who was then reading the Holy Koran was saved solely due to the magnamity of the Marathas.
Santaji is credited with the defeat of at least three major Mughal Chiefs. One Mughal general Kasim Khan was so badly defeated that he had to commit suicide. By brilliant guerrilla tactics, Santaji wreaked havoc right from the Pune to the Tanjore region. Unfortunately he fell out with Rajaram and Dhanaji Jadhav.
Death He was killed when he was taking a bath by one Nagoji Mane. The severed head of Santaji was presented to Aurangzeb for a reward. Such was the tragic end of one of the most distinguished generals of Medieval India.
The last peth is the Navi (New) Peth. Currently, many localities are named as "Nagar" such as Sahakarnagar, Shikshaknagar, Vimannagar, Lokmanyanagar, Karvenagar and so on.