The urban agglomeration around Pune had a population of 4,485,000 in 2005. This figure included the population of the city of Pimpri-Chinchwad, which is the industrial twin of Pune. Of late, the city has witnessed a sizeable investment in the software and automobile sectors, resulting in an influx of skilled labor from all over India. Several suburbs are now completely cosmopolitan and real-estate prices have soared since 2003. Notably, even though Pune is the seventh largest city in India, it has the sixth largest metropolitan economy and the highest per capita income in India, with the least income disparity between the rich and poor.
Marathi is the major language in . English is understood and spoken by the educated class.Hindi is also widely understood and spoken.